Notes from the lecture:
- The woman is the object of the male gaze
- Advertisement in the 90’s, feminism is used in an ironic way
- Sara maple – self-portraits demonstrates ironic style of feminism
- ORIGINAL FEMINISM
- Stereotyping: sexist, self-indulgent
- Cindy Sherman: questions structures
- Central core imagery: Judy Chicago
- ‘Dinner Party’ reinforced, sexual stereotypes
- Value sexuality (womens)
- Vagina – a secret place that can be entered
- Other feminists found her work problematic
- Vagina on plates
- Construction of male fantasy
- Laura Melvey – women in Hollywood: perfect body – fantasy – pleasure
- Men are terrified of this image because of their lack visually
- Threatening otherness of women scare men
- Avant garde – sexism in mainstream film
- Emphasises the signifier over the signified
- Compensation – women have a lower place in society – subordinated
- Collusion/disrespectful images to women as they are being used
- Female stars ‘can generate fantasies, power, control and self-confidence, fantasies that can inform the activities of everyday life’
- A feminist inspired analysis of visual images might ask: Who is looking at who? Who controls the look? What kind of femininity does the image construct?
Article: is fashion a feminist issue, after all?
This article by Lisa Armstrong was interesting to me, mainly because I completely understood it I suppose. I agree that some young girls shouldn’t be exploited in the way that they are, as I said in my previous blog, and I too believe that it is almost pornographic. Being 20 years old myself I would never even think of exploiting myself in that way, however I know girls my age from school that do, it’s like a fashion nowadays.
When I go out at the weekends, I see girls wearing next to nothing, fake eyelashes, hair extensions which in the past would probably be seen as a form of drag has now become ‘natural’, the word natural being in quotation marks because fashion is now the complete opposite of natural.
Lisa talks about bondage accessories, which used in the wrong way aren’t really acceptable, for example young girls posing with these inappropriate accessories could suggest sexual connotations which are probably actually partially intended as the manufacturer knows that this will grip attention, especially male attention.
I personally don’t agree with Miley Cyrus’ behaviour, especially as she is the same age as me, I think she is exploiting herself in the wrong way to the wrong people thinking that she is starting off a trend which will then be followed by other young female fans who will then also be attracting the wrong type of people. I often think ‘what do her parents think of this behaviour?’ I would be so embarrassed if my parents saw me do that.
No one wants to get old, I don’t ever want to get old either but that doesn’t mean that you should start exploiting yourself early, comfortable or not, young girls are so naïve and have no idea who is looking at them, fantasising over them, and what they’re thinking about them, it should be left to older women with more experience, the older generation, if exploited at all.
Notes from seminar:
- Cindy Sherman
- Laura Melvey
- Tracey Emin
- Margaret Thatcher
- Sarah Maple
- Judy Chicago
- Vivienne Westwood
- Sonia Delunay
- Feminists don’t have to be female
- Might use clothing to make people view the role of the female in a different way
- Been given so much that it’s been taken for granted
What does feminism mean?
- Equal rights
- Jobs, voting, salary
- The right to vote
- Girl power
- Sex and the city – Carrie Bradshaw
- Equal pay
- Freedom of clothing ‘taboo’
- Sexy, sophisticated, sassy
- Rights to expressing same sex relationships
- Civil partnerships – only legal in the past three years
21st century feminists:
- Caitlin Moran (quote – refine)
- Lady Gaga
- Miley Cyrus
Is fashion feminist?
Why were most male couturiers gay?
- Stereotype – wouldn’t expect a typical man to be able to design dresses
- Men/designers in these times were expected to be hector or homosexual
- Homosexual men see women and fashion in a different way – passionate
– The freedom is there if you want to dress sexually, have the power to choose however men can see them in a different way which women may not see as kindly as they do.
– Stereotype: women are now openly admitting that they are sleeping with more partners
– Cosmopolitan: seen as porn – the first image of a nude man – taboo – female magazine
– It’s okay for women to have sex now and not be seen as a slut. Has always been okay for men to sleep around and experiment, never the same for women